Lyme disease is a very old infectious disease, dating back thousands of years. Unfortunately, until as of late, it has not received much attention and many people are unaware of its detriments. It is an infection caused by the Borrelia burgdoferi bacteria, and is usually found in forest birds and animals. It is transmitted to humans by ticks, which usually feed on the infected animals first, then pass it on through bites. It is present in most of Canada, although in more rural areas such as campgrounds and forests, it can also affect those in urban environments.
Prevention is critical when it comes to this infection. The primary mode in this case is to minimize the risk of tick bites by dressing appropriately in wooded areas, assessing the body for any bites after being in a tick-prevalent area, and seeking prompt medical treatment should a rash or flu-like symptoms develop.